Spanish is one of the most-used languages in the world – it is one that is relatively easy for Spanish beginners knowing English. To learn Spanish language, it is helpful to begin with a few building blocks. If you are just starting out to learn Spanish language for the first time, you must start with basic Spanish lessons such as alphabets and vowels.
Sometimes the English and Spanish meanings can overlap. For example, an argumento in Spanish can refer to the plot of the story. Words that are alike or similar in the two languages but have different meanings are known as false friends. Many English words that have a “ph” in them have an “f” in the Spanish version: photo – foto, metamorphosis – metamorfosis, graph – grafica.
Beginners Spanish Lesson One The Basics: If you know the alphabet in English you can easily learn basic Spanish lessons. Spanish alphabets are very similar to the alphabets of most European languages. a- z make up Spanish alphabets which are similar to English ones. Spanish alphabet has an additional “n” which is known as an “acute accent”. As far as the alphabet in Spanish and its pronunciation, there are only a few letters or characters we have to be careful with:
The G in the Spanish word ‘genio’ is pronounced like the H in hello.
The G in the Spanish word ‘guarro’ is pronounced like the GW in Gwen.
The G in the Spanish word ‘gafas’ is pronounced like the G in gag.
The H is always silent.
The N in the Spanish word ‘otono’ is pronounced like the first NI in onion.
It may interest you to know that as recently as 2010, the Spanish alphabet, as recognized by the RAE(Research Assessment Exercise), included two other letters, ch and ll, which were considered separate letters. They continue to have distinctive pronunciations (just as do “ch” and “sh” in English).
Beginners Spanish Lesson Two The numbers: Improve your Spanish vocabulary easily by learning to pronounce and count the numbers. Let’s have a look at numbers from one to ten and their pronunciation in Spanish:
0 – cero 1 – uno 2 – dos 3 – tres 4 – cuatro 5 – cinco 6 – seis 7 – siete 8 – ocho 9 – nueve 10 – diez
In some cases, the use of Spanish cardinal numbers can be confusing for persons who are Spanish beginners , because some numbers may vary conforming to the gender of the nouns that they precede.
For example, when counting you must use “uno” – uno, dos, tres, cuatro, cinco
However, if the number precedes a masculine noun, the number “uno” becomes “un”: – un perro (one dog) – un lapiz (one pencil)
If the number precedes a feminine noun, the number “uno” becomes “una”: – una taza (one cup) – una nina (one girl)
Learn Spanish cardinal numbers through our Spanish for beginners
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